Mano Lavansan

Joined 27 சனவரி 2017
9,353 பைட்டுகள் நீக்கப்பட்டது ,  3 ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்
பக்கத்தை 'உபதஎாம' கொண்டு பிரதியீடு செய்தல்
(பக்கத்தை 'உபதஎாம' கொண்டு பிரதியீடு செய்தல்)
உபதஎாம
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19 Mk; E}w;whz;;by; Mq;fpNyahpd; Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpNy Mq;fpy nkhopiaAk;; fpwp];jt rkaj;ijAk; gug;Gtjw;fhf Mq;fpNyah; gy fy;tp epWtdq;fis Muk;gpj;jhh;fs;. ,e;j epiyapNy irtrkaj;ijAk; jkpo; nkhopiaAk;; tsh;g;gjw;fhf fy;tp khd;fSk; jiyth;fSk;; jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; ghlrhiyfis Muk;gpj;jhh;fs;. ,e;j thpirapNy me;epahpd;; Mjpf;fj;jpypUe;J jdJ fpuhk kf;fis kPl;gjw;fhf RJkiyapy; Gfo;ngw;W tpsq;fpatUk; rpwe;j fy;tpkhdhfTk;;; NrhjpluhfTk;; itj;jpauhfTk;;; tpsq;fpatuhfpa jpU.eh.M.rpe;eagps;is mth;fs; 1885 Mk; Mz;L A+d; khjk; RJkiy rpe;ka tpj;jpahrhiyia Muk;gpj;jhh;. jhNd mg;ghlrhiyapd; Kjy;tuhf ,Ue;J mjd; tsh;r;rpf;fhf mUk;gzpahw;wpdhh;. mthpd; kidtpahUk; mg; ghlrhiyapd; tsh;r;rpf;F cWJizahf tpsq;fpdhh;.
 
jpU.rpe;eagps;is mth;fs; jk; 16 MtJ tajpy; ,t;tpj;jpahrhiyia ];jhgpj;jhh; vd;gJ ngUk; rhjidahf mikfpd;wJ.
 
nrhe;jf; fhzpapy; Muk;gj;jpy;; fpLFf; nfhl;byhf ,Ue;j ,g;ghlrhiyia jpU.rpe;eagps;is mth;fs; jdJ fy;yhy; mikf;fg;gl;ljhff; $wg;gLfpd;wJ. Muk;gj;jpy;; rpW njhifapduhf Mrphpah;fisAk;;; khzth;fisAk; nfhz;L tpsq;fpa ,g;ghlrhiy mthpd; gpd; te;NjhUk;; Mw;wpa mUk;gzpapdhy;; tsh;r;rpailaj; njhlq;fpaJ. mjdhy; Mrphpah;fspdJk; khzth;fspdJk; njhif gbg;gbahf mjpfhpf;fj; njhlq;fpaJ.
 
“Njhd;wpw; GfnohL Njhd;Wf m/jp yhh; Njhd;;wypw;; Njhd;whik ed;W” vd;w ts;Sthpd; thf;fpw;F ,zq;f jpU.rpe;eagps;is mth;fs; vy;NyhUk; Nghw;wg; GfNohL tho;e;jth;.
 
jpU rpe;eagps;is mth;fs; ghlrhiyapd; Kjy;tuhf 40 Mz;LfSf;F Nky; gzpGhpe;Js;shh;;. mf;fhyj;jpy; ghyh;; tFg;gpy; ,Ue;J Ie;jhk; tFg;G tiu tFg;Gf;fs;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; elhj;jg;gl;ld. fhiy 9.00 kzpapypUe;J khiy 4.00 kzptiu ghlrhiyapd; flik Neukhf ,Ue;jJ.
 
1905 ,y; ed;nfhilngWk; ghlrhiyahf ,Ue;jJ. ,g;ghlrhiyapd; epWTdh; jpU.rpe;eagps;is mth;fs; 1942 Mk; Mz;L mtuJ 73 MtJ tajpy; fhykhdhh;;. jkJ 16 MtJ tajpy; ghlrhiyia epWtpdhh; vd;gijg; ghh;f;Fk; NghJ nkhj;jk; 57 Mz;Lfs;; mjhtJ mg;ghlrhiyapd; jw;Nghija MAspd; miuE}w;whz;Lf;F Nkw;gl;l fhyk; md;dhhpd;;; fz;fhzpg;gpd; fPo; ghlrhiy ,Ue;J te;Js;sJ vd;gJ GydhFk;.
 
jpU.rpe;eagps;is mth;fisj; njhlh;e;J Gq;FLjPitr; Nrh;e;j jpU.rpd;dj;Jiu vd;gtUk;; gpd;G Vohiyiar; Nrh;e;j jpU.rptghf;fpaehjd; vd;gtUk;;; Kjy;tuhfg; gzpahw;wpdhh;. mjd; gpd; cLg;gpl;biar; Nrh;e;j KUNfR vd;gth; Kjy;tuhfg; gzpahw;wpa fhyj;jpy; ,g; ghlrhiy rpwg;ghd epiyia mile;jJ vd mwpa Kbfpd;wJ. ,thpd; fhyj;jpy; rpNu\;l ghlrhiy juhjug; gj;jpu tFg;Gf;fSk; (S.S.C) ghy gz;bj tFg;Gf;fSk; ,q;F elhj;jg;gl;ld. NkYk; tlkhfhz Mrphpa fofk; (N.P.T.A) elhj;jpa ghPl;irfspYk;; khzth;fs; Njhw;wpdhh;.
 
jpU.KUNfR mth;fspd; fhyj;jpy;; ,ytr czTj;jpl;lk; ,uTg; ghlrhiy Kiw vd;gd mike;jpUe;jd vd;gJ tpag;igAk;; kfpo;itAk; jUtjha;; cs;sJ. jpU.KUNfR mth;fspd; fPo; jpUthsh;fs; fhj;jpNfR> jpahfuh[Iah;> ,uhkypq;fk;> tp[auj;jpdk; Rg;gpukzpak; vd;Nghh; cjtp Mrphpah;fsha; gzpahw;wpdh;.
 
mLj;J rhtfr;Nrhp Ezhtpiyr; Nrh;e;j jpU.jk;ghgps;is mth;fs; Kjy;tuhfg; gzpahw;wpdhh;. mtUld;; cjtp Mrphpah;fshf “ijayf;fh” vdg; gyuhy;;; miof;fg;gl;l jpUkjp jk;gpg;gps;is ,Ztpy; “ijayk;ghs;” vd miof;fg;gl;l ];jhgfhpd; kidtpahh; jpUkjp rpe;eagps;is jpUthsh;fs; Vfhk;guk;;> ,uhrNty; MfpNahh; gzpahw;wpdhh;fs;.
 
jpU.jk;ghgps;is mth;fisj; njhlh;e;J jpU.,uhrJiu mth;fs; jiyik Mrphpah; nghWg;ig Vw;whh;. mthpd; fhyj;jpy; ghlrhiyr; rhpj;jpuj;jpy; ,U Kf;fpa epfo;Tfs; ,lk;ngw;wd. 1962 Mk; Mz;by; ,g; ghlrhiy murhq;fj;jpdhy; nghWg;Ngw;wg;gl;lJld; ghlrhiy mgptpUj;jpf;nfd Nkyjpfkhd 10 gug;Gf;fhzp ngwg;gl;lJkhFk;. ,tuJ fhyj;jpy; jhd; nfhs;sT nra;ag;gl;l 10 gug;gf;fhzpapy; fl;lk; fl;lg;gl;lJ. mtiuj; njhlh;e;J mjpguhf Rd;dhfj;ijr; Nrh;e;j jpU.nry;yj;Jiu mth;fs; epakpf;fg;gl;lhh;. mtiuj; njhlh;e;J mjpguhf jpUkjp guhrf;jp Rg;gpukzpak; mth;fs; flikahw;wpdhh;. mLj;J fe;jtNuhahf; fy;Y}hpapy; Mrphpiaahf mUk;gzpahw;wpa jpUkjp.n[.fpU\;zrhkp mth;fs; ,g; ghlrhiyapd; mjpguhf 1981 Mk; Mz;L Nk khjk; njhlf;fk; epakpf;fg;gl;lhh;. mthpd; mauhj mUk;gzpapdhy; ,g; ghlrhiy Jhpjfjpapy; tsh;r;rpaile;jJ. ,jw;F vkJ Ciur; Nrh;e;jtUK; Ntk;gb cah;; jug;ghlrhiy mjpguhfTk; kd;dhh; tpj;jpahjpfhpahfTk; ,Uf;f nry;tp gj;khrdp  MWKfj;jpdJk; cjtpAk;; fpilj;jJ. fy;tp> tpisahl;L> fiy> rkak; Nghd;w  Jiwfspy; tpaf;fj;jf;f Kd;Ndw;wk; Vw;gl;L te;jd. mth; gjtpNaw;w fhyj;jpy; 8 Mrphpah;fSk; 267 khzth;fSNk ,Ue;jdh;. ghyh; tFg;G Kjy; 7 Mk; tFg;G tiuANk tFg;Gf;fs;; ,Ue;jd. Mz;L NjhWk; Nky; tFg;Gf;fs; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;L khzth;fs;;;; njhifAk;; mjpfhpj;jd. ,t;thW mthpd; fhyj;jpy; tUlk; NjhWk; khzth; njhifAk; mjpfhpj;jJ. 24 epue;j Mrphpah;fSk; 5 njhz;lh;; Mrphpah;fSk; flikahw;wpdh;. juk; 1 njhlf;fk; 11 tiuAs;s tFg;Gf;fs; xt;nthd;Wk; ,t;tpuz;L gphpTfs; Mf;fg;gl;ld.
 
mthpd; fhyj;jpy; fy;tpapy; ghlrhiy Jhpjfjpapy; tsh;r;rpaile;Js;sikf;Fg;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; gy ghPl;irg; ngWNgWfs;;; rhd;whf mike;Js;sd. tUlh tUlk;; eilngWk; 5 Mk; Mz;L Gyikg;ghprpy; ghPl;irapy; gy khzth;fs; khtl;l uPjpapy; kl;Lkd;wp khfhz hPjpapYk; jpwikr;rpj;jpfisg; ngw;Ws;sd.
 
1984 Mk; Mz;by; Kjd;Kjyhf 5 khzth;fs; f.ngh.j. (rh.j) ghPl;irf;F Njhw;wp epwe;j ngWNgWfSld; rpj;jpaile;jdh;. ,t;thW rpj;jp ngw;wik ghlrhiyapd; fy;tp tuyhw;wpy; rpwg;ghd mk;rkhFk;. ,jd; %yk;;;;; mk;khzth;fs;; midtUk; f.ngh.j. (c.j) tFg;gpy; fy;tp fw;gjw;Fhpa jFjpag; ngw;W NtW gy gpugy ghlrhiyfSf;Fr; nrd;Ws;shh;. f.ngh.j (c.j) ghPl;irapy; rpj;jpaile;j khzth;fspw; rpyh; cah;Gs;spfisg; ngw;W mjd; %yk; k`hnghy Gyikg; ghprpy;fisAk; ngw;Ws;sdh;. ,t;thW ,thpd; fhyj;jpy; ghPl;irg; ngWNgWfs; rpwg;ghf mike;jd.
 
jpUkjp fpU\;zrhkp mth;fspd; ngU Kaw;rpahy; tpisahl;Lj;JiwAk;; tpUj;jpaile;jJ. mthpd; fhyj;jpy; tUlhe;j nka;ty;Yeh; tpisahl;Lg;Nghl;b kpfr; rpwg;ghf eilngw;wJ. ,q;F Mrphpauhf ,Ue;j nry;tp re;jpuFkhhp nry;iyahTk;; ,jw;F cWJizahf ,Ue;Js;shh;. ghlrhiyf;fpilNa eilngw;w Nfhl;l> tya> khtl;l nka;ty;Yeh; tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;bfspYk; gy khzth;fs; gq;Fgw;wp 1Mk;> 2Mk;;; ,lq;fisg; ngw;W rhjid gilj;Js;sdh;. ,t; mjpghpd; fhyj;jpy; 1982 Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fk; xt;nthU xt;nthU tUlKk; eilngw;w 13 tajpw;Fl;gl;l Mz;fs;> ngz;fs; gphptpdh; Nfhl;l kl;lj;jpy; Kjyhk; ,lq;fisg; ngw;wdh;. 13 tajpw;Fl;gl;l Mz;fs; gphptpdh;; khtl;l kl;lj;jpy; gq;Fgw;wp Kjyhk; ,lj;ijg; ngw;W mfpy ,yq;if uPjpapYk; gq;F gw;Wk; jFjpiag; ngw;wdh;.
 
jpUkjp.fpU\;zrhkp mth;fs; mjpguhf flikahw;wpa fhyj;jpy; tl;lhu khtl;l uPjpapy; eilngw;w jkpo;j;jpdg; Nghl;b Mq;fpy jpdg;Nghl;b kw;Wk; ,ir> eld> ehlfg; Nghl;bfspYk; gq;Fgw;wpa gy khzth;fs; Kjyhk;> ,uz;lhk; ,lq;fisg; ngw;W ghlrhiyf;F ew;ngaiu <l;bf; nfhLj;Js;sdh;. 
 
,t;thW ,t; mjpghpd; ,ilawhj Kaw;rpfspd; fhuzkhfff ,g; ghlrhiy G+uzj;Jtk; ngw;W ,ilepiyg; ghlrhiyahf tpsq;Ffpd;wJ. jpUkjp n[aNjtp fpU\;zrhkp mth;fs; mjpguhfg; gzpahw;wpafhyk; ,g;ghlrhiyapd; “nghw;fhyk;” vdgjpy; Iakpy;iy.
 
,tuJ fhyj;jpNy tFg;Gf;fs; cau cau tFg;giwg; gw;whf;Fiwia epth;j;jp nra;tjw;fhf 100’ ePskhd xU nfhl;lif mikf;fg;gl;lJld; epue;jukhf mjpgh; mYtyfk;; xd;Wk;; cUthf;fg;gl;lJ. ,tuJ fhyj;jpy; jhd;; jw;Nghija ghlrhiyf; fPjk; rpd;dk;> rhuzpak; nraw;ghLfs;; vd;gd Muk;gpf;fg;gl;ld.
 
04.06.1993 jpUkjp fpU\;zrhkp NritapypUe;J Xa;T ngw ];jhgfhpd;;; cwtpdUk;; ,g;ghlrhiyapd; gioa khztpAkhd jpUkjp #.n[atPurpq;fk; mth;fs; mjpguhfg; gzpNaw;whh;. ,tuJ Nritf;fhyk; kpfTk; FWfpaJ. MapDk; khzth;fs; gy;NtW Nghl;bfspYk;; gq;Fgw;wp ntw;wpaPl;baJld; Nkiyj;Nja thj;jpa mzpAk; (ghz;l;) Kjd; Kjyhf cUthf;fg;gl;lJ.
 
jpUkjp.#.n[atPurpq;fk; mth;fs;; ,lkhw;wkhfpr; nry;y khtpl;lGuj;ijr; Nrh;e;j jpU.nry;yj;Jiu FNguehjd; mth;fs; 01.01.95 njhlf;fk; mjpguhdhh;. ,tuJ fhyj;jpy; rka tpohf;fSf;F Kd;Dhpik mspf;fg;gl;lJ. 05.06.1996 Mk; Mz;L Kjd; Kjyhf E}yfr; nraw;ghLfs;; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;ld. ,izg;ghltpjhdr; nraw;ghLfspYk; ghPl;irg; ngWNgWfspYk; $ba tsh;r;rp fhzg;gl;lJ. ghlrhiy kfhtpj;jpahyakhfj; juKah;j;j ,th; Kw;gl;l NghjpYk;;; ehl;bd; Eo;epiy fhuzkhf ,J if$ltpy;iy. ,tuJ fhyj;jpy; jpU.,e;jpud; fhuhsrpq;fk; mth;fshy; juk; xd;W khzth;fSf;fhd ,UtFg;giwfs;; fl;b Kbf;fg;gl;ld. tpQ;Qhd Ma;T$lk; mikf;fg;gl;L. mkuh; epuQ;ryh ghyRg;gpukzpaj;jpd;; epidthf E}y;epiyak; mikg;gjw;fhd Kaw;rpfs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;ld. jpUkjp. guhrf;jp Rg;gpukzpaj;jpdhy; Muk;gg;gphpTf;fhd (juk; 3> 4 tFg;giwfs;;; fl;lg;gl;ld tpisahl;L ikjhdKk;; ngw;Nwhh;; eyd;tpUk;gpfs;;;> Mrphpah;fs; MfpNahUlk; epjp Nrfhpf;fg;gl;L nfhs;tdT nra;ag;gl;lJ. Gyikg;ghprpy;; epjpaKk; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;lJ.
 
jpU.nr.FNguehjdth;fs; 22.02.2002 Mk; Mz;L ,lkhw;wkhfpr; nry;y 25.03.2002 fl;Liliar; Nrh;e;j jpU.jk;igah jh;kNrhjp mth;fs; mjpguhf nghWg;Ngw;gjw;;fpilapy; ghlrhiyapd; nghWg;ig juk; 5 Gyikg;ghprpy; ghPl;irapy; rpwe;j ngWNgw;iwg; ngWtjw;F Kd;Ndhbahf ,Ue;j cg mjpgh; jpU.jpahfuh[h mUl;gpufhrgps;is mth;fs; Vw;W elj;jpdhh;.
 
mjpguhfpa jpU.jh;kNrhjpapd; fhyj;jpNyNa ngsjPf tsq;fs; ngUfpd. E}y; epiyak;; rpwg;G tpoh eilngw;wJ. fzpzpf;$lk; mikf;fg;gl;L fzpdpfs;; ngwg;gl;ld. epnfhl;. G.T.Z Mfpa epWtdq;fs; %yKk;;; “tlf;fpd; tre;jk;”  %yKk; fpilj;j epjp %yk;; fl;lq;fs; G+h;j;jp nra;ag;gl;ld. Nkiyj; Njathj;jpa cgfuzq;fs; fpilj;jd. vkJ ghlrhiy Kd;dhhs; Mrphpauhd jpUkjp n[fNrhjp ,uhruj;jpdj;jpd; cjtpapdhy; ikjhdj;jpw;F kjpy; mikf;fg;gl;lJ. 
 
23.02.2011 Kjy; 21.02.2014 tiu jpU.rz;KfRe;ju%h;j;jpath;fs; mjpguhff; flikahw;wpdhh;. ,tuJ Nritf;fhyk; FWfpaJ vdpDk;. NghjpasT ngsjPf tsq;fs; fhzg;gl;ljhy; mtw;wpy; $ba ftdk; nrYj;jhJ khzth;fspd; fy;tp> xOf;fk;; Nghd;wtw;wpy; $ba ftdk; nrYj;jp te;jhh;. tpisahl;L cgfuzq;fSld;; tpisahl;L Kw;wKk;; mikf;fg;gl;lJ. ,thpd; gpd; jpU.M.Nghpd;gehafk;;; mth;fs; 03.04.2014 ,ypUe;J mjpguhf flikahw;wp tUfpwhh;; ,t;thwhf vkJ ghlrhiy gy;NtW topfspYk;;;;;; tsh;r;rpaile;J tUfpd;wJ. NkYk; ,g; ghlrhiy rpwg;gila vy;yhk; ty;y mUs;kpF = GtNd];thp mk;ghs; mUs;Ghpthuhf. 
அடையாளம் காட்டாத பயனர்
"https://ta.wikipedia.org/wiki/சிறப்பு:MobileDiff/2191311" இருந்து மீள்விக்கப்பட்டது