சிவப்புப் பருந்து: திருத்தங்களுக்கு இடையிலான வேறுபாடு

11,048 பைட்டுகள் நீக்கப்பட்டது ,  4 ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்
தொகுப்பு சுருக்கம் இல்லை
("Red kite" பக்கத்தை மொழிபெயர்த்ததன் மூலம் உருவாக்கப்பட்டது)
 
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{{Speciesbox
'''சிவப்புப் பருந்து''' (ஆங்கிலப் பெயர்: ''red kite'', [[உயிரியல் பெயர்]]: ''Milvus milvus'') என்பது மிதமான-பெரிய அளவுள்ள [[கொன்றுண்ணிப் பறவை]] ஆகும். இது அச்சிபிட்ரிடாய் (Accipitridae) குடும்பத்தில் வகைப்படுத்தப்பட்டு உள்ளது. [[கழுகு|கழுகுகள்]], பசார்டுகள் மற்றும் [[பூனைப் பருந்து|பூனைப்பருந்துகளைப்]] போன்றே இதுவும் ஒரு [[பகலாடி|பகலாடிப்]] பறவை ஆகும். இது மேற்கு பாலியார்க்டிக் பகுதி [[ஐரோப்பா]] மற்றும் வடமேற்கு [[ஆப்பிரிக்கா|ஆப்பிரிக்காவில்]] காணப்படும் ஒரு [[அகணிய உயிரி]] ஆகும். இது இதற்கு முன்னர் வடக்கு [[ஈரான்|ஈரானுக்கு]] வெளியிலும் காணப்பட்டது. வடகிழக்கு மற்றும் மத்திய ஐரோப்பாவின் பருந்துகள் குளிர்காலத்தைக் கழிக்க தெற்கே [[துருக்கி]] வரை செல்கின்றன. சில பறவைகள் விபத்தாக வடக்கே [[பின்லாந்து|பின்லாந்திலும்]], தெற்கே [[இசுரேல்]], [[லிபியா]] மற்றும் [[காம்பியா|காம்பியாவிலும்]] பார்க்கப்பட்டுள்ளன.
| name = சிவப்புப் பருந்து
 
| taxon = Milvus milvus
== References ==
| authority = ([[கரோலஸ் லின்னேயஸ்|லின்னேயஸ்]], 1758)
{{reflist|32em|refs=<ref name=BBC>{{cite news |title=Red kite chicks from Northamptonshire released to wild |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-cumbria-11004972 |accessdate=4 August 2011 |newspaper=BBC |date=17 August 2010}}</ref>
| status = NT
 
| status_system = IUCN3.1
<ref name=BBC2006>{{cite news |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/tyne/5084800.stm |publisher=[[BBC News]] |title=Delight as red kite chicks hatch |date=16 June 2006 |accessdate=27 October 2006}}</ref>
| status_ref = <ref name=IUCN>{{IUCN|id=22695072 |title=''Milvus milvus'' |assessor=BirdLife International |assessor-link=BirdLife International |version=2013.2 |year=2013 |accessdate=26 November 2013}}</ref>
 
| image = Red Kite - Gigrin Farm (10359058775).jpg
<ref name=BBCNature>{{cite web |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/life/Red_Kite |title=Red kite |work=BBC Nature: Wildlife |publisher=BBC |accessdate=25 November 2013}}</ref>
| image caption = வயதுவந்த சிவப்புப் பருந்தின் பக்கவாட்டுத் தோற்றம், [[வேல்ஸ்]], 2009.
 
}}
<ref name=BBCScotland>{{cite web |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/scotland/outdoors/articles/swrk/ |title=Scotland's Wildlife: Red Kite |work=BBC Scotland outdoors articles |publisher=BBC |accessdate=26 October 2009}}</ref>
'''சிவப்புப் பருந்து''' (ஆங்கிலப் பெயர்: ''red kite'', [[உயிரியல் பெயர்]]: ''Milvus milvus'') என்பது மிதமான-பெரிய அளவுள்ள [[கொன்றுண்ணிப் பறவை]] ஆகும். இது அச்சிபிட்ரிடாய் (Accipitridae) குடும்பத்தில் வகைப்படுத்தப்பட்டு உள்ளது. [[கழுகு|கழுகுகள்]], பசார்டுகள் மற்றும் [[பூனைப் பருந்து|பூனைப்பருந்துகளைப்]] போன்றே இதுவும் ஒரு [[பகலாடி|பகலாடிப்]] பறவை ஆகும். இது மேற்கு பாலியார்க்டிக் பகுதி [[ஐரோப்பா]] மற்றும் வடமேற்கு [[ஆப்பிரிக்கா|ஆப்பிரிக்காவில்]] காணப்படும் ஒரு [[அகணிய உயிரி]] ஆகும். இது இதற்கு முன்னர் வடக்கு [[ஈரான்|ஈரானுக்கு]] வெளியிலும் காணப்பட்டது.<ref name=bwpc/> வடகிழக்கு மற்றும் மத்திய ஐரோப்பாவின் பருந்துகள் குளிர்காலத்தைக் கழிக்க தெற்கே [[துருக்கி]] வரை செல்கின்றன. சில பறவைகள் விபத்தாக வடக்கே [[பின்லாந்து|பின்லாந்திலும்]], தெற்கே [[இசுரேல்]], [[லிபியா]] மற்றும் [[காம்பியா|காம்பியாவிலும்]] பார்க்கப்பட்டுள்ளன.<ref name=bwpc/><ref name=Gambia/>
 
<ref name=birdguides>{{cite journal |title=RSPB Red Kite numbers are soaring across the UK |journal=Birdguides |date=15 September 2008 |url=http://www.birdguides.com/webzine/article.asp?a=1435 |accessdate=4 August 2011}}</ref>
 
<ref name=bwp>{{cite book |last=Cramp |first=S. |year=1980 |title=[[The Birds of the Western Palearctic]] |volume=Volume 2 |location=Oxford |isbn=0-19-857505-X}}</ref>
 
== உசாத்துணை ==
{{reflist|32em|refs=
<ref name=bwpc>{{cite book |last1=Snow |first1=D.W. |last2=Perrins |first2=C.M. |year=1998 |title=[[The Birds of the Western Palearctic]] |edition=Concise |publisher=Oxford University Press |isbn=0-19-854099-X}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Campbell2000>{{cite book |last=Campbell |first=David |title=The Encyclopedia of British Birds |year=2000 |publisher=Parragon |location=Bath |isbn=0752541595 |page=118 |chapter=Red Kite}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Carrell2014>{{cite news |last1=Carrell |first1=Severin |title=Scottish bird of prey colony hit by mass poisonings |url=https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/apr/03/scottish-birtd-of-prey-colony-mass-poisonings |accessdate=12 December 2014 |work=The Guardian |date=3 April 2014}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Carter09>Carter, Ian (2009): The Red Kite. presentation to the Cambridgeshire Bird Club, Cambridge, UK, 13 November 2009.</ref>
 
<ref name=Carter2001>{{cite book |last=Carter |first=Ian |year=2001 |title=The Red Kite |publisher=Arlequin Press |location=Chelmsford, UK }}</ref>
 
<ref name=Chilterns>{{cite web |url=http://www.chilternsaonb.org/downloads/farm_birds_survey.pdf |title=Breeding Bird Survey of the Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty 2002 |last=Schurmer |first=Michael |date=November 2002 |publisher=RSPB |accessdate=26 October 2009}}</ref>
 
<ref name=environ.ie>{{cite web|url=http://www.environ.ie/en/Heritage/NationalParksandWildlife/News/MainBody,5384,en.htm |title=Red Kite Reintroduction Project in Wicklow |date=21 May 2007 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110927120707/http://www.environ.ie/en/Heritage/NationalParksandWildlife/News/MainBody%2C5384%2Cen.htm |archivedate=27 September 2011 |deadurl=yes |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name=europeanraptors>{{cite web |title=Red Kite |url=http://www.europeanraptors.org/raptors/red_kite.html |publisher=European Raptors |accessdate=9 June 2014}}</ref>
 
<ref name="FC Poster">{{cite web |url=http://www.forestry.gov.uk/pdf/englandnweredkiteinfoposters.pdf/$FILE/englandnweredkiteinfoposters.pdf |title=Grizedale Red Kite Project |work=Forestry Commission information posters |publisher=Forestry commission |accessdate=12 July 2010}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Gambia>{{cite book |last1=Barlow |first1=C. |last2=Wacher |first2=T. |last3=Disley |first3=T. |year=1997 |title=A Field Guide to Birds of the Gambia and Senegal |publisher=Pica Press |location=Mountfield, UK |isbn=1-873403-32-1}}</ref>
}}
 
==வெளி இணைப்புகள்==
<ref name=gigrin>{{cite web |url=http://www.gigrin.co.uk |title=Red Kite Feeding Station&nbsp;— Gigrin Farm |accessdate=27 October 2006}}</ref>
{{commons category|Milvus milvus|the red kite}}
 
{{wikispecies|Milvus milvus}}
<ref name=goldeneagle>{{cite web |url=http://www.goldeneagle.ie/news_viewnews.php?x=3&z=44&news_id=9&article=277 |title=Golden Eagle Trust &#124; Red Kite &#124; Project Updates |publisher=Goldeneagle.ie |accessdate=28 August 2012 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120305215209/http://www.goldeneagle.ie/news_viewnews.php?x=3&z=44&news_id=9&article=277 |archivedate=5 March 2012 |deadurl=yes}}</ref>
* [http://friendsofredkites.org.uk/ Friends of Red Kites - Details about the reintroduced kites in the Derwent Valley, Gateshead]
 
* {{ARKive}}
<ref name=Harewood>{{cite web |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/handsonnature/estates/harewood.shtml |title=Birder watchers' paradise |work=BBC Hands on Nature |publisher=BBC |pages=Parks: Harewood Estate |accessdate=26 October 2009}}</ref>
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20160105022352/http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/nature/mediaexplorer/?theme_group=species&theme=birds&set=red_kite BBC Wales Nature - Red Kite footage]
 
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/b00yz3t2/Debating_Animals_Series_2_The_Kestrel_and_Red_Kite/ BBC Report about this bird's redemption in UK culture from a hated ''shithawk'' to a beloved bird]
<ref name=dofbasen>[http://www.dofbasen.dk/ART/art.php?art=02390 Danish Ornithological Society]</ref>
* [http://www.gigrin.co.uk/ The Welsh Kite Trust - includes UK breeding reports]
 
* [http://www.redkites.co.uk About Red Kites - includes latest figures available in UK]
<!--(replaced by ref name=dofbasen)<ref name=Hjembaek2009>{{cite web |first=Gert |last=Hjembæk |url=http://www.dof.dk/index.php?id=nyheder&s=nyheder&m=visning&nyhed_id=690 |publisher=[[Dansk Ornitologisk Forening]] |title=Den røde drage bliver hængende i Danmark |trans_title=The red dragon lingers in Denmark |language=da |date=25 November 2009 |accessdate=28 November 2009}}</ref>-->
* [http://www.redkites.net Details Red Kites in the Chilterns - about the reintroduced kites in the Chilterns]
 
* [http://www.yorkshireredkites.net/ Red Kites in Yorkshire]
<ref name=HeraldSeries>{{cite web |url=http://www.heraldseries.co.uk/search/1684528.Wildlife_crime_soars/ |title=Wildlife crime soars |work=The Herald Series |date=12 September 2007 |accessdate=6 July 2009 |quote=In Didcot, poisoned rabbits were laid out as bait disguised as road-kill, targeting red kites }}</ref>
* [http://www.berksoc.org.uk/surveys/kites_and_buzzards_2006_results.shtml Red Kites in Berkshire (Berkshire Ornithological Club) - 2006/2007 Survey]
 
* [http://aulaenred.ibercaja.es/wp-content/uploads/105_RedKiteM.milvus.pdf <nowiki>Adult and juvenile Red Kite wing identification images (PDF; 5.6 MB) by Javier Blasco-Zumeta & Gerd-Michael Heinze</nowiki>]
<ref name=Hille2000>{{Cite journal |first1=Sabine |last1=Hille |first2=Jean-Marc |last2=Thiollay |year=2000 |title=The imminent extinction of the kites ''Milvus milvus fasciicauda'' and ''Milvus m. migrans'' on the Cape Verde Islands |journal=Bird Conservation International |volume=10 |pages=361–369 |url=http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayFulltext?type=1&fid=62170&jid=BCI&volumeId=10&issueId=04&aid=62169 |doi=10.1017/s0959270900000319}}</ref>
* {{InternetBirdCollection|red-kite-milvus-milvus}}
 
* {{VIREO|red+kite}}
<ref name=Hogan2005>Hogan, C. Michael (2005): ''Kullaberg Nature Reserve, Sweden''. Lumina technologies.</ref>
* "[http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41441871 The Kite or Glead]" in ''The ornithology of Francis Willughby'' by Francis Willughby and John Ray, 1678.
 
* {{IUCN_Map|22695072|Milvus milvus}}
<ref name=holloway>{{cite book |last=Holloway |first=S. |year=1996 |title=The Historical Atlas of Breeding Birds in Britain and Ireland: 1875–1900 |publisher=T & A D Poyser |isbn=0-85661-094-1}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Jobling>{{cite book | last= Jobling | first= James A. | year=2010| title=The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names | publisher=Christopher Helm | location=London | isbn=978-1-4081-2501-4 | page=255}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Johnson>{{cite journal |first1=Jeff A. |last1=Johnson |first2=Richard T. |last2=Watson |first3=David P. |last3=Mindell |year=2005 |title=Prioritizing species conservation: does the Cape Verde kite exist? |journal=[[Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences]] |volume=272 |issue=7 |pages=1365–1371 |pmid=16006325 |pmc=1560339 |doi=10.1098/rspb.2005.3098 |url=http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/272/1570/1365}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Lacepede>{{ cite book | last=Lacépède | first=Bernard Germain de | authorlink=Bernard Germain de Lacépède | year=1799 | title=Discours d'ouverture et de clôture du cours d'histoire naturelle | chapter=Tableau des sous-classes, divisions, sous-division, ordres et genres des oiseux | language=French | publisher=Plassan | place=Paris | page=4 | chapter-url=https://books.google.com/books?id=6uhAAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA78 }} Page numbering starts at one for each of the three sections.</ref>
 
<ref name=Linnaeus1758>{{cite book |last=Linnaeus |first=C. | authorlink=Carl Linnaeus |language=la |title=Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. |location=Stockholm |publisher=Laurentius Salvius |year=1758 |quote=F. cera flava, cauda forsicata, corpore ferrugineo, capite albidiore. |page=89 | url=http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726996 }}</ref>
 
<ref name=McCarthy2>{{cite web |last1=McCarthy |first1=Michael |title=Red kite makes triumphant return in England and Scotland but numbers decline elsewhere |url=https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/red-kite-makes-triumphant-return-in-england-and-scotland-but-numbers-decline-elsewhere-597894.html |website=[https://www.independent.co.uk The Independent] |accessdate=14 January 2015}}</ref>
 
<ref name=McCarthy2006>{{cite news |url=https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/shakespeares-red-kite-returns-to-london-after-an-absence-of-150-years-522771.html |title=Shakespeare's red kite returns to London after an absence of 150 years |last=McCarthy |first=Michael |date=13 January 2006 |work=The Independent on Sunday |publisher=Independent News and Media Limited |accessdate=5 July 2009 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20121103112619/http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/shakespeares-red-kite-returns-to-london-after-an-absence-of-150-years-522771.html |archivedate=3 November 2012 |df=dmy-all }} </ref>
 
<ref name=McCarthy2007>{{cite news |url=https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/silent-fields-by-roger-lovegrove-441401.html |title=Book Review:Silent Field, By Roger Lovegrove: songbirds versus shotguns |last=McCarthy |first=Michael |date=23 March 2007 |work=The Independent |publisher=Independent.co.uk |accessdate=7 July 2009 |location=London}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Melia2010>{{cite news |url=http://www.independent.ie/national-news/two-chicks-about-the-size-of-a-fist-2190451.html |work=Irish Independent |first=Paul |last=Melia |title=Two chicks about the size of a fist |date=22 May 2010}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Melton2008>{{cite web |url=http://www.ephotozine.com/photo/967065 |title=Leucistic Red Kite |last=Melton |first=Tom |date=13 August 2008 |work=ephotozone |publisher=ephotozone |accessdate=7 July 2009}}</ref>
 
<ref name=nantyrarian>{{cite web |url=http://www.nantyrarian.co.uk/ |title=Bwlch Nant-yr-Arian |year=2008 |publisher=Bwlch Nant Yr Arian Visitor Centre |accessdate=7 July 2009 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100802161924/http://www.nantyrarian.co.uk/ |archivedate=2 August 2010 |deadurl=yes}}</ref>
 
<ref name=NDP>{{cite web|url=http://www.ndp.ie/viewdoc.asp?fn=/documents/featured-projects/goldeneagle.htm |title=Golden Eagle Trust, Glenveagh National Park |work=National Development plan |publisher=NDP |accessdate=26 October 2009 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20090406174556/http://www.ndp.ie/viewdoc.asp?fn=%2Fdocuments%2Ffeatured-projects%2Fgoldeneagle.htm |archivedate= 6 April 2009 |df= }}</ref>
 
<ref name=NewKay>{{cite web |url=http://www.newquay-westwales.co.uk/kite.htm |title=The Red Kite in West Wales |last=Atrill |first=Rod |work=New Quay on Cardigan Bay in West Wales |publisher=Rod Attrill |accessdate=7 July 2009}}</ref>
 
<ref name=northantset>{{cite news |title=Red Kite project a soaring success |url=http://www.northantset.co.uk/news/local/corby/red_kite_project_a_soaring_success_1_773028 |accessdate=4 August 2011 |newspaper=Evening Telegraph |date=9 November 2007}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Pugh>{{cite web |last=Pugh |first=Elfyn |url=http://www.birdsofbritain.co.uk/features/red-kite2.asp |title=The Red Kite | publisher=Birds of Britain |accessdate=26 October 2009}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Radio4>{{Cite web |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00yz3t2 |title=BBC Radio 4, Debating Animals, Series 2, The Kestrel and Red Kite by Rod Liddle}}</ref>
 
<ref name=rspb>RSPB Scotland, cited in [https://web.archive.org/web/20080928031357/http://news.scotsman.com/latest-scottish-news/Red-Kite-numbers-soar-to.4492268.jp The Scotsman], Monday 15 September 2008</ref>
 
<ref name=rspb2>{{cite web |url=http://www.rspb.org.uk/wildlife/birdguide/name/r/redkite/distribution_population.aspx |title=Red kite: Distribution and population size |publisher=The RSPB |accessdate=28 August 2012}}</ref>
 
<ref name="RSPB conservation">{{cite web |url=http://www.rspb.org.uk/wildlife/birdguide/name/r/redkite/conservation.aspx |title=Red Kite |work=RSPB Conservation |publisher=RSPB |accessdate=26 October 2009}}</ref>
 
<ref name=Schreiber2000>{{cite journal |last1=Schreiber |first1=Arnd |last2=Stubbe |first2=Michael |last3=Stubbe |first3=Annegret |year=2000 |title=Red kite (''Milvus milvus'') and black kite (''M. migrans''): minute genetic interspecies distance of two raptors breeding in a mixed community (Falconiformes: Accipitridae) |journal=[[Biological Journal of the Linnean Society]] |volume=69 |issue=3 |pages=351–365 |doi=10.1006/bijl.1999.0365}}</ref>
 
<ref name=WalesFavBird>{{cite web |title=The Welsh Kite Trust |url=http://www.welshkitetrust.org/ |accessdate=16 October 2014 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140105181926/http://welshkitetrust.org/ |archivedate=5 January 2014 |deadurl=yes}}</ref>
 
<ref name=WelshKiteTrust>{{cite web |url=http://www.gigrin.co.uk/w/europe/europe.html |publisher=Welsh Kite Trust |title=Red Kites decline in Europe |accessdate=24 February 2007 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131108015436/http://www.gigrin.co.uk/w/europe/europe.html |archivedate=8 November 2013 |deadurl=yes}}</ref>
 
<ref name=WestmorlandGazette>{{cite news |url=http://www.thewestmorlandgazette.co.uk/news/8224578.Red_kites_to_make_a_Lake_District_return/ |title=Red kites to make a Lake District return |date=17 June 2010 |work=The Westmorland Gazette |publisher=Newsquest media group |accessdate=12 July 2010}}</ref>
 
<ref name=wildlifeextra>{{cite web |url=http://www.wildlifeextra.com/go/news/ireland-kites.html#cr |title=Red Kites fly again in Ireland |work=Wildlife Extra: News |publisher=Wildlife Extra |accessdate=26 October 2009}}</ref>
 
<ref name=whiteredkite>{{cite web |url=http://www.gigrin.co.uk/white_redkite.html |title=The White Kite |work=Gigrin Farm - The Red Kite feeding station |publisher=Gigrin Farm |accessdate=7 July 2009 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20090202133553/http://gigrin.co.uk/white_redkite.html |archivedate=2 February 2009}}</ref>
 
<ref name=yorkshireredkites>{{cite web |title=Red Kites and poisons |url=http://www.yorkshireredkites.net/index.php/important-info/red-kites-and-poisons |publisher=Yorkshire Red Kites |accessdate=12 December 2014}}</ref>}}
[[பகுப்பு:ஐரோப்பியப் பறவைகள்]]
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