"போலந்து படையெடுப்பு" பக்கத்தின் திருத்தங்களுக்கிடையேயான வேறுபாடு

85 பைட்டுகள் சேர்க்கப்பட்டது ,  8 ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்
சி
r2.7.2) (தானியங்கிமாற்றல்: ru:Польская кампания вермахта (1939); மேலோட்டமான மாற்றங்கள்
சி (r2.6.4) (தானியங்கிமாற்றல்: es:Invasión a Polonia de 1939)
சி (r2.7.2) (தானியங்கிமாற்றல்: ru:Польская кампания вермахта (1939); மேலோட்டமான மாற்றங்கள்)
|conflict =போலந்து படையெடுப்பு
|partof = [[இரண்டாம் உலகப் போர்|இரண்டாம் உலகப் போரின்]] [[ஐரோப்பிய களம்|ஐரோப்பிய களத்தின்]]
|image = [[Fileபடிமம்:Second World War Europe.png|300px]]
|caption = The map shows the beginning of World War II in September 1939 in a wider European context.
|date = 1 September – 6 October 1939
|result = Decisive German/Slovak and Soviet victory. Beginning of World War II
|territory = Polish territory divided between Germany, the USSR, Lithuania and Slovakia
|combatant1 = {{flag|Nazi Germany|name=Germany}}<br />{{flagicon|Slovakia|1938}} [[Slovak Republic (1939–1945)|Slovakia]]<br />
----
{{flagicon|Soviet Union|1923}} [[Soviet Union]] <small>(After 17 September, see [[Soviet invasion of Poland|details]])</small>
|combatant2 = {{flagicon|Poland}} [[Second Polish Republic|Poland]]
|commander1 = {{flagicon|Nazi Germany}} [[Fedor von Bock]]<br /><small>([[Army Group North]])</small>
 
{{flagicon|Nazi Germany}} [[Gerd von Rundstedt]]<br /><small>([[Army Group South]])</small>
 
{{flagicon|Slovakia|1938}} [[Ferdinand Čatloš]]<br /><small>([[Field Army Bernolák|Army Bernolák]])</small><br />
----
{{flagicon|USSR|1923}} [[Kliment Voroshilov]]<br /><small>([[Belarusian Front (1939)|Belorussian Front]])</small>
 
{{flagicon|USSR|1923}} [[Mikhail Kovalev]]<br /><small>([[Belorussian Front (1939)|Belorussian Front]])</small>
 
{{flagicon|USSR|1923}} [[Semyon Timoshenko]]<br /><small>([[Ukrainian Front (1939)|Ukrainian Front]])</small>
|commander2 = {{flagicon|Poland}} [[Edward Rydz-Śmigły]]
|strength1 = '''Germany''':<br />60 divisions,<br />6 brigades,<br />9,000 guns,<ref name = polishgovernment/><br />2,750 tanks,<br />2,315 aircraft<ref>ER Hooton, p. 85</ref><br />'''Slovakia''':<br />3 divisions<br />
'''Joined on 17 September:'''<br />
'''Soviet Union''':<br />33+ divisions,<br />11+ brigades,<br />4,959 guns,<br />4,736 tanks,<br />3,300 aircraft<br />
----
'''Total''':<br />1,500,000 Germans,<ref name=polishgovernment/><br /> 466,516 Soviets,<ref name= "Krivosheev" /><br />51,306 Slovaks<br />'''Grand total: 2,000,000+'''
|strength2 = '''Poland''':<br />39 divisions (some of them were never fully mobilized and concentrated),<ref name = pereslegin>{{ru icon}} Переслегин. Вторая мировая: война между реальностями.— М.:Яуза, Эксмо, 2006, с.22; Р. Э. Дюпюи, Т. Н. Дюпюи. Всемирная история войн.—С-П,М: АСТ, кн.4, с.93.</ref><br />16 brigades,<ref name=pereslegin/><br />4,300 guns,<ref name=pereslegin/><br />880 tanks,<br />400 aircraft<ref name="polishgovernment"/><br /> '''Total: 950,000'''{{#tag:ref|Various sources contradict each other so the figures quoted above should only be taken as a rough indication of the strength estimate. The most common range differences and their brackets are: German personnel 1,500,000 (official figure of the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs) – or 1,800,000. Polish tanks: 100–880, 100 is the number of modern tanks, while the 880 number includes older tanks from the WWI era and [[tankette]]s.<ref>[[Internetowa encyklopedia PWN]], article on 'Kampania Wrześniowa 1939'</ref><ref>Website of the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs – the Poles on the Front Lines</ref>|group="Note"}}
|casualties1 = '''Germany''':{{#tag:ref|The discrepancy in German casualties can be attributed to the fact that some German statistics still listed soldiers as missing decades after the war. Today the most common and accepted numbers are: 8,082 to 16,343 KIA, 320 to 5,029 MIA, 27,280 to 34,136 WIA.<ref name="ReferenceB"/> For comparison, in his 1939 speech following the Polish Campaign Adolf Hitler presented these German figures: 10,576 KIA, 30,222 WIA, and 3,400 MIA.<ref name="Polish War, German Losses"/> According to early Allied estimates, including those of the Polish government-in-exile, the number of German KIA casualties was 90,000 and WIA casualties was 200,000<ref name="Polish War, German Losses"/><ref name="Nazi Loss in Poland Placed at 290,000"/>
 
Equipment losses are given as 832 German tanks <ref name="ReferenceC"/> of with approximately 236<ref name="ReferenceC"/> to 341 as irrecoverable losses and approximately 319 other armored vehicles as irrecoverable losses (including 165 Panzer Spahwagen – of them 101 as irrecoverable losses)<ref name="ReferenceC"/> 522–561 German planes (including 246–285 destroyed and 276 damaged), 1 German minelayer (M-85) and 1 German torpedo ship ("Tiger")|group="Note"}}<br />16,343 killed,<br />3,500 missing,<ref>[http://books.google.ca/books?id=gLE9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA133&dq=%2230,300+wounded+and+about+3,500+missing%22&cd=1#v=onepage&q=%2230%2C300%20wounded%20and%20about%203%2C500%20missing%22&f=false The encyclopedia of modern war By Roger Parkinson] Taylor & Francis, ISBN 08128189890-8128-1898-9. Page 133.</ref><br />30,300 wounded<br />'''Slovakia''':<br />37 killed,<br />11 missing,<br />114 wounded<ref name="Axis Slovakia: Hitler's Slavic Wedge, 1938-1945"/><br />
----
'''USSR''':{{#tag:ref|Soviet official losses - figures provided by Krivosheev - are currently estimated at 1,475 KIA or MIA presumed dead (Ukrainian Front – 972, Belorussian Front – 503), and 2,383 WIA (Ukrainian Front – 1,741, Belorussian Front – 642). The Soviets lost approximately 150 tanks in combat of which 43 as irrecoverable losses, while hundreds more suffered technical failures.<ref name="Krivosheev"/> However, Russian historian Igor Bunich estimates Soviet manpower losses at 5,327 KIA or MIA without a trace and WIA.<ref name="WIF"/>|group="Note"}}<br />1,475 killed or missing,<br />2,383 wounded<ref name="Krivosheev"/><br /> or:<br /> 5,327 killed, missing and wounded<ref name="WIF" />
----
'''Total casualties''':59,000
|casualties2 = '''Poland''':{{#tag:ref|Various sources contradict each other so the figures quoted above should only be taken as a rough indication of losses. The most common range brackets for casualties are: Poland: 63,000 to 66,300 KIA, 134,000 WIA.<ref name="ReferenceB"/> The often cited figure of 420,000 Polish prisoners of war represents only those captured by the Germans, as Soviets captured about 250,000 Polish POWs themselves, making the total number of Polish POWs about 660,000–690,000. In terms of equipment the Polish Navy lost 1 destroyer ([[ORP Wicher (1928)|ORP ''Wicher'']]), 1 minelayer ([[ORP Gryf|ORP ''Gryf'']]) and several support craft. Equipment loses included 132 Polish tanks and armored cars 327 Polish planes (118 fighters))<ref name= "ReferenceC"/>|group="Note"}}<br /><br />66,000 dead,<br />133,700 wounded,<br />694,000 captured<br />'''904,000 total casualties'''}}
 
[[இரண்டாம் உலகப் போர்|இரண்டாம் உலகப் போரில்]] '''போலந்து படையெடுப்பு''' (''Invasion of Poland'') அல்லது '''செப்டெம்பர் போர்த்தொடர்''' (''September Campaign''), என்பது [[நாசி ஜெர்மனி]] [[போலந்து]] மீது படையெடுத்துக் கைப்பற்றிய நிகழ்வைக் குறிக்கும். [[செப்டம்பர் 1]], [[1939]] இல் தொடங்கிய இப்படையெடுப்பே ஐரோப்பாவில் இரண்டாம் உலகப் போர் துவங்கியதைக் குறிக்கிறது. இது ஐரோப்பிய [[ஐரோப்பிய களம்|ஐரோப்பிய களத்தின்]] ஒரு பகுதியாகும். இது போலந்தில் 1939 பாதுகாவல் போர், ([[போலியம்]]: ''Kampania wrześniowa or Wojna obronna 1939 roku'') ஜெர்மனியில் போலந்துப் போர்த்தொடர் ([[இடாய்ச்சு]]: ''Polenfeldzug'') என்றும் அழைக்கப்படுகிறது.
 
== பின்னணி ==
==சண்டையின் போக்கு==
=== ஜெர்மானியப் படையெடுப்பு ===
===சோவியத் படையெடுப்பு===
=== விளைவுகள் ===
 
== குறிப்புகள் ==
<references group="Note"/>
{{reflist|2}}
== மேற்கோள்கள் ==
{{Refbegin}}
*{{cite book |last=Cooper |first=Matthew |title=The German Army 1939–1945: Its Political and Military Failure |publisher=Stein and Day |location=New York |year=1978 |isbn=0-8128-2468-7}}
{{Refend}}
 
[[பகுப்பு:ஐரோப்பிய களம் (இரண்டாம் உலகப் போர்)]]
{{Link GA|no}}
 
{{Link GA|uk}}
{{Link FA|hu}}
{{Link FA|it}}
{{Link FA|th}}
{{Link GA|no}}
 
{{Link GA|uk}}
[[பகுப்பு:ஐரோப்பிய களம் (இரண்டாம் உலகப் போர்)]]
 
[[af:Inval van Pole]]
[[pt:Invasão da Polônia]]
[[ro:Invadarea Poloniei (1939)]]
[[ru:ВторжениеПольская вкампания Польшувермахта (1939)]]
[[sk:Poľská obranná vojna (1939)]]
[[sl:Poljska kampanja (1939)]]
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