"போர்த்துக்கேய மொழி" பக்கத்தின் திருத்தங்களுக்கிடையேயான வேறுபாடு

6,727 பைட்டுகள் சேர்க்கப்பட்டது ,  7 ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்
தொகுப்பு சுருக்கம் இல்லை
 
'''போர்த்துக்கேய மொழி''' (''Portuguese language'') உலகில் அதிகம் பேசப்படும் [[மொழி]]களில் ஆறாமிடம் வகிக்கிறது. [[இலத்தீன்|இலத்தீனிலிருந்து]] உருவான மொழி. காலனித்துவ காலத்தில் உலகெங்கும் பரவியது. இலத்தீன் எழுத்துக்களாலேயே எழுதப்படுகிறது. [[அங்கோலா]], [[போர்த்துக்கல்]], [[பிரேசில்]] போன்ற நாடுகளின் ஆட்சி மொழி.
 
==பேசப்படும் நாடுகள்==
 
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align: right"
|+
! Country
! Population (2013 est.)<ref name="cia">{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2119.html|title=The World Factbook -- Field Listing - Population - CIA|accessdate=2013-04-06|publisher=Central Intelligence Agency}}</ref>
|-
| align="left" | {{flagicon|Brazil}} [[Brazil]] || 201,009,622
|-
| align="left" | {{flagicon|Mozambique}} [[Mozambique]] || 24,096,669
|-
| align="left" | {{flagicon|Angola}} [[Angola]] || 18,565,269
|-
| align="left" | {{flagicon|Portugal}} [[Portugal]] || 10,799,270
|-
| align="left" | {{flagicon|Guinea-Bissau}} [[Guinea-Bissau]] || 1,660,870
|-
| align="left" | {{flagicon|East Timor}} [[East Timor]] || 1,172,390
|-
| align="left" | {{flagicon|Macau}} [[Macau]] || 583,003
|-
| align="left" | {{flagicon|Cape Verde}} [[Cape Verde]] || 531,046
|-
| align="left" | {{flagicon|São Tomé and Príncipe}} [[São Tomé and Príncipe]] || 186,817
|-
| align="left" | '''மொத்தம்''' || 258,604,956
|}
 
==எழுத்து முறை==
 
<!--The names of the letters are [[grammatical gender|masculine]].-->
 
:{| class="wikitable"
! rowspan=2 | Letter
! colspan=2 | Name
! rowspan=2 | Phonetic <br> values
|-
! Spelling
! Pronunciation
|-
| align=center| Aa || ''á'' || {{IPA|/a/}} || {{IPA|/a/}}, {{IPA|/ɐ/}} {{ref|nb3|nb 3}}
|-
| align=center| Bb || ''bê'' || {{IPA|/be/}} || {{IPA|/b/}}
|-
| align=center| Cc || ''cê'' || {{IPA|/se/}} || {{IPA|/k/}}; {{IPA|/s/}} {{ref|nb1|nb 1}}
|-
| align=center| Dd || ''dê'' || {{IPA|/de/}} || {{IPA|/d/}} ~ {{IPA|[dʑ]}} {{ref|nb2|nb 2}}
|-
| align=center| Ee || ''é'' (BR or EP) or ''ê'' (some dialects of BP only) || {{IPA|/ɛ/}}, {{IPA|/e/}} || {{IPA|/e/}}, {{IPA|/ɛ/}}, {{IPA|/i/}} {{ref|nb3|nb 3}}, {{IPA|/ɨ/}}, {{IPA|/ɐ/}}, {{IPA|/ɐi/}}
|-
| align=center| Ff || ''éfe'' || {{IPA|/ˈɛfi/}} (BP), {{IPA|/ˈɛfɨ/}} (EP) || {{IPA|/f/}}
|-
| align=center| Gg || ''gê'' (BP or EP) or ''guê'' (EP only) || {{IPA|/ʒe/}}, {{IPA|/ɡe/}} (EP) || {{IPA|/ɡ/}}; {{IPA|/ʒ/}} {{ref|nb1|nb 1}}
|-
| align=center| Hh || ''agá'' || {{IPA|/ɐˈɣa/}} || natively silent, {{IPA|/ʁ/}} in loanwords {{ref|nb4|nb 4}}
|-
| align=center| Ii || ''i'' || {{IPA|/i/}} || {{IPA|/i/}} {{ref|nb3|nb 3}}
|-
| align=center| Jj || ''jota'' || {{IPA|/ˈʒɔtɐ/}} || {{IPA|/ʒ/}}
|-
| align=center| Kk || ''cá'' (BP) or ''capa'' (EP) || {{IPA|/ka/}}, {{IPA|/ˈkapɐ/}} || {{ref|nb5|nb 5}}
|-
| align=center| Ll || ''éle'' || {{IPA|/ˈɛli/}} (BP), {{IPA|/ˈɛlɨ/}} (EP) || {{IPA|/l/}} ~ {{IPA|[ɫ ~ w]}} {{ref|nb6|nb 6}}
|-
| align=center| Mm || ''éme'' || {{IPA|/ˈẽmi/}} (BP), {{IPA|/ˈɛmɨ/}} (EP) || {{IPA|/m/}} {{ref|nb7|nb 7}}
|-
| align=center| Nn || ''éne'' || {{IPA|/ˈẽni/}} (BP), {{IPA|/ˈɛnɨ/}} (EP) || {{IPA|/n/}} {{ref|nb7|nb 7}}
|-
| align=center| Oo || ''ó'' (EP or BP) or ''ô'' (some dialects of BP only) || {{IPA|/ɔ/}}, {{IPA|/o/}} || {{IPA|/o/}}, {{IPA|/ɔ/}}, {{IPA|/u/}} {{ref|nb3|nb 3}}
|-
| align=center| Pp || ''pê'' || {{IPA|/pe/}} || {{IPA|/p/}}
|-
| align=center| Qq || ''quê'' || {{IPA|/ke/}} || {{IPA|/k/}}
|-
| align=center| Rr || ''érre'' (EP and BP) or ''rê'' (mostly EP) || {{IPA|/ˈɛʁi/}} (BP), {{IPA|/ˈɛʁɨ/}}, {{IPA|/ˈʁe/}} (EP) || {{IPA|/ɾ/}}, {{IPA|/ʁ/}} {{ref|nb8|nb 8}}
|-
| align=center| Ss || ''ésse'' || {{IPA|/ˈɛsi/}} (BP), {{IPA|/ˈɛsɨ/}} (EP) || {{IPA|/s/}}, {{IPA|/z/}} {{ref|nb9|nb 9}}, {{IPA|/ʃ/}}, {{IPA|/ʒ/}}
|-
| align=center| Tt || ''tê'' || {{IPA|/te/}} || {{IPA|/t/}} ~ {{IPA|[tɕ]}} {{ref|nb2|nb 2}}
|-
| align=center| Uu || ''u'' || {{IPA|/u/}} || {{IPA|/u/}} {{ref|nb3|nb 3}}
|-
| align=center| Vv || ''vê'' || {{IPA|/ve/}} || {{IPA|/v/}}
|-
| align=center| Ww || ''dáblio'' (BP) or ''dâblio'' (EP) / ''duplo vê'' || {{IPA|/ˈdaβʎu/}} (BP), {{IPA|/ˈdɐβlju/}} (EP) || {{ref|nb5|nb 5}}
|-
| align=center| Xx || ''xis'' (BP) or ''chis'' (EP) || {{IPA|/ʃiʃ ~ ʃis/}} || {{IPA|/ʃ/}}, {{IPA|/ks/}}, {{IPA|/z/}}, {{IPA|/s/}}, {{IPA|/S/}}
|-
| align=center| Yy || ''ípsilon'' (BP or EP) or ''i grego'' (EP) || {{IPA|/ˈipsilõ/}} (BP), {{IPA|/ˈipsɨlɔn/}} (EP) || {{ref|nb5|nb 5}}
|-
| align=center| Zz || ''zê'' || {{IPA|/ze/}} || {{IPA|/z/}}; {{IPA|/S/}}
|}
{{Listen|filename=Alfabeto_portugues_brasileiro.ogg|title=Portuguese Alphabet|description=Listen to the alphabet recited by a native speaker from Brazil. ''Note: The alphabet is spoken in a Brazilian dialect where the 'E' is pronounced as 'É' ''|format=[[Ogg]]}}
 
===குறிப்புக்கள்===
#{{note|nb1}} Before the letters ''e'', ''i'', ''y'', or with the [[cedilla]].
#{{note|nb2}} Allophonically [[affricate consonant|affricated]] before the sound {{IPA|/i/}} (spelled ''i'', or sometimes ''e''), in BP.
#{{note|nb3}} May become an [[approximant consonant|approximant]] as a form of vowel reduction when unstressed before or after another vowel. Words such as ''bóia'' and ''proa'' are pronounced {{IPA|[ˈbɔj.jɐ]}} and {{IPA|[ˈpɾow.wɐ]}}.<ref name="delta">{{pt icon}} [http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-44502004000300005 Delta: Documentation of studies on theoric and applied Linguistics – Problems in the tense variant of carioca speech].</ref>
#{{note|nb4}} [[Silent letter|Silent]] at the start or at the end of a word. Also part of the digraphs ''ch'', ''lh'', ''nh''. See below.
#{{note|nb5}} Not part of the official alphabet before 2009 (see above). Used only in foreign words, [[personal name]]s, and hybrid words derived from them.
#{{note|nb6}} Velarized to {{IPA|[ɫ]}} in EP and conservative registers of southern BP. [[L-vocalization|Vocalized]] to {{IPA|[u̯]}}, {{IPA|[ʊ̯]}}, or seldom {{IPA|[o̯]}} (as influence from Spanish or Japanese), at the end of syllables in most of Brazil.
#{{note|nb7}} Usually silent or [[Voice (phonetics)|voiceless]] at the end of syllables (word-final ''n'' is fully pronounced by some speakers in a few [[loanword|learned words]]). See also the section on Nasalization, below.
#{{note|nb8}} At the start of syllables (in all dialects) or at the end of syllables (in some dialects of BP), a single ''r'' is pronounced {{IPA|/ʁ/}} (see the notes on the Consonants below, for variants of this sound). Elsewhere, it is pronounced {{IPA|/ɾ/}}. Word final rhotics may also be silent when the last syllables is stressed, in casual and vernacular speech, especially in Brazil (pervasive nationwide, though not in educated and some colloquial registers) and some African and Asian countries.
#{{note|nb9}} A single ''s'' is pronounced voiced {{IPA|/z/}} between vowels.
 
== மேற்கோள்கள் ==
"https://ta.wikipedia.org/wiki/சிறப்பு:MobileDiff/1637384" இருந்து மீள்விக்கப்பட்டது